Present Day Bullock

IRISH VARIETIES

A Victorian view of histories of Dalkey, Kingstown, Killiney and Bray an edition by The Exchange Bookshop Dalkey of Gaskins "Irish Varieties" of 1869

BULLOCH "Boulek,"or Bloyke"

The village of Bullock, with its remains of an ancient castle, and pier of Danish erection, commands a grand view of the Bay of Dublin. In 1307, the advowson of the rectory and vicarage of this place, consisting of fifteen acres, was granted to the prior of the Monastery of St John the Baptist, Dublin, by Sir John Asyk, then Lord of "Boulek"; and certain religious houses in the City were entitled to receive from every fishing boat entering the harbour, one of their best fish, herrings excepted; and from every herring boat a meise annually.

The village of Bulloch was formerly defended by a fortified castle and watch towers. A great portion of the wall that connected the barbican with the castle is still perfect. It also had a bawn of considerable extent. Grose in his "Antiquities of Ireland", states that he could not discover who constructed this castle, which was formerly of an octangular -shape, with few windows, and surmounted by a granulated parapet. Some writers suppose the castle of Bullock to be coeval with those of Dalkey. The ancient family, "Fagan of Feltrim", were the owners of Bullock and the adjoining lands. In 1611, John Fagan was possessed of one castle, one ruinous tower, thirty messuages, ten acres of meadow, 200 acres of pasture and furze, with the fishing and haven to the main sea. In a survey of 1654, it states that Bulloch, in the parish of Monkstown, containing ninety acres, of which sixty were arable, twenty-three rocky pasture, and seven meadow, was the property of Christopher Fagan, of Feltrim. At that time, there were, on the premises a fine slated castle, a good haven, and bawn; the chief fish, tithe fish, custom fish, and corn tithes, belonged to the proprietor of the castle.

The King Henry 1V's son, Thomas of Lancaster, landed at the old Danish pier of Bulloch, as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in 1402. Bullock was included, in 1448, as one of the places on the bounds of "the four obedient shires". In the year 1559, the earl of Sussex landed at Bulloch haven as Lord Deputy of Ireland.

The whole district is an inexhaustible bed of granite.

Goshawks were found, in the last century, in the immediate neighbourhood of Bulloch. Ware in his "Antiquities of Ireland", says. Among the feathered kind, there breed in Ireland eagles - hawk, which, from their preying upon wild geese, are called in English goshawks, of which those that breed in the north of Ireland are reckoned the best."

There was formerly at Bulloch one of those remarkable rocking stones, which are asserted to have been used for divination by the pagan priesthood of Ireland, and are additional evidence of the eastern colonisation of this country, being identically the same as the boetylia - the animated stones of the Phoenicians, mentioned by historian, as moving or rocking in the air. It is supposed the Bulloch rocking-stone was destroyed at the same time as the Druids Circle on Dalkey Common disappeared.

About the year 1797, on that part of the common opposite Dalkey Sound near Bulloch, stood a circle of granite blocks in a rough state, enclosing within its area a cromlech. At that period the upper stone or slab had slipped off the perpendicular rocks or pillars which originally supported it, except at one end where the passage was still left sufficiently wide under the upper flag. The stones were over-grown with fern.

When the Martello towers were being erected, the stones composing the ring, which were from ten to fourteen feet square, together with the cromlech, were blasted and quarried, under the special direction of the late General Fisher, who had the management of the line of military stations then being erected between Bray and Dunleary, along the Coast. The antiquarian or lover of Ireland's "bygone days" must ever regret this destruction of an interesting relic of antiquity, so worthy of preservation; and this vandalism was perpetrated with the miserable object of obtaining some few hundred loads of stone, comparatively of little value.

Bulloch, Dalkey, Killiney and Rochestown, were favourite places of resort, during the "long vacation", by O'Connell, whose remains were recently removed from their temporary tomb at Glasnevin to the magnificent mausoleum, erected from designs by the late Dr. Petrie.  

GASKINS IRISH VARIETIES
DALKEY FORMER TRADE, COMMERCE- THE LEARNED AND FACTIOUS "knight of innishowen" etc.
Dalkey, a beautiful picturesque spot - a fashionable watering -place the junior Scarborough of the Irish Sea - Dalkey, a rising and prosperous township, where peace and harmony prevail in its municipal councils - health- abiding Dalkey that woos the sigh of the southern gale with so much effect - Dalkey, with its pure and salubrious atmosphere, limpid springs, holy wells, religious educational institutes, and gorse- crowned hills, on one of which is perched a Danish ruin- Dalkey, within half an hours drive of the Irish capital, with its "Coliemore Harbour", of historic associations, granite quarries, lead mines, and well arranged baths- Dalkey, whose marine terraces and villas of rural beauty, with their appropriate Irish names, are securely "moored in the rifted rock"- Dalkey, a fitting home for convalescents
Dalkey, the Port of the Seven Castles, was a place of great importance, and emporium of the trade of Ireland with France, Spain, and Holland.
In an enrolment of the 33rd of Edward 3, dated February 8th 1358,it is stated: "The Provost and Bailiffs of the town of Dalkey were commanded to allow the master of a Spanish ship arrested by them to depart".

It is stated in Hollinshed's Chronicles of the early part of the 15th century; that Dalkey and Wicklow were amongst the chief haven towns of Ireland"

Up to 1610, no part of the river Liffey to the eastward of the present site of Essex-bridge, (Capel Street Bridge) was embanked. Its waters often approached within a few yards of Trinity College. The Liffey, the Dodder, and Ballybough rivers (the present Tolka), were often altered in their course by land floods and storms, which exceedingly embarrassed the navigation of the channel. Up to this period(1610), when the quay embankments were commenced, all foreign vessels discharged their cargoes at the Port of Dalkey, which at the time was also a well-frequented resort of shipping engaged in the international commerce between this country and Great Britain.

The trade of Dalkey gradually declined after the Liffey embankment had been completed.


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